Geographical indications are a form of knowledge protection and represent a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin with qualities or a reputation related to its origin.
Generally, a geographical indication consists of the location name where the product is coming from. A typical example is an agricultural product that possesses qualities derived from its place of production and is subject to specific local factors such as climate and terrain. Besides, it can also be a feature related to manufacturing skills or traditions.
Whether a sign performs the function of a geographical indication depends on national legislation and the consumers’ perception of that sign.
The Lisbon System for the International Registration of Geographical Indications offers a means of obtaining protection for a geographical indication in the 30 contracting parties to the Lisbon Agreement through a single registration and one set of fees, (WIPO).
From a technology intelligence approach, there is more information about Geographical Indications in #MoocVT Module Technology information management.
More information: WIPO Geographical Indications.